The Wang Jingwei Website


The Wang Jingwei Irrevocable Trust wishes to further the understanding of the life and ideas of Wang Jingwei (1883-1944) – one of the most controversial and complex political figures in modern Chinese history – using his own words, factual events and those of his associates.
The Wang Jingwei Irrevocable Trust wishes to further the understanding of the life and ideas of Wang Jingwei (1883-1944) – one of the most controversial and complex political figures in modern Chinese history – using his own words, those of his associates, and factual events.

A majority of the material presented here has never been published or is out-of-print. For example, the manuscript of the draft of an autobiography that Wang Jingwei wrote with the help of Zeng Zhongming, the original draft of Nanshe shihua (Poetry of Nanshe) written by Wang Jingwei using the pen name Manzhao, and private correspondence, etc. Some of these documents are in the collection of the Wang Jingwei Irrevocable Trust while others are in the hands of the descendants of Wang Jingwei and his associates (according to Ho Mang Hang, Zeng Xing collected and preserved many manuscripts by Wang Jingwei and related publications, which were passed to the sons of her brother Zeng Zhongming after her death. The original testimonies Wang Jingwei wrote in jail in 1910 and parts of the manuscript of the poetry collection are in the hands of Wang Wenying’s children). Some of the material presented here are copies Ho Mang Hang photocopied or transcribed from the originals. Content developed specifically for this website is based on primary source materials and research by the website’s chief author Dr. Hsiao-pei Yen and a team of researchers.

The Wang Jingwei Website is a continuing project. It will be updated periodically and expanded to include more content. We welcome any objective criticism and suggestions.
Beside detailed descriptions of the lives of Wang Jingwei and his wife and lifetime comrade Chen Bijun, this website also presents an array of biographies of Wang Jingwei’s associates, including the early revolutionary comrades, the later Peace Movement comrades, as well as secretaries, aides and relatives. The Genealogy provides family trees of Wang Jingwei, Chen Bijun and other related people. The Timeline juxtaposes the Wang Jingwei chronology with domestic and global events to probe into how Wang Jingwei’s life and political oeuvre interacted with the broader context. To further understand Wang Jingwei’s thoughts and ideas, the website presents not only his poems and political writings but also the recordings of his charismatic speeches. We also invited eyewitnesses from the past to share their experiences with Wang Jingwei. Last but not least, the website lists references of scholarly work about Wang Jingwei and the peace movement in English and Chinese as well as documentaries made during the 1940s about the Nanjing government.

Due to limitation of space, the Trust only shows excerpts of some of the original materials like manuscripts and correspondence. For privacy reasons, the identity of the holders of certain materials is not revealed. For further information, please contact us.

The Wang Jingwei website is a continuing project. It will be updated periodically and expanded to include more content. We welcome any objective criticism and suggestions.

Dr. Hsiao-pei Yen

Dr. Hsiao-pei Yen

“Being a historian of modern Chinese history, I am particularly interested in how concepts of nationalism and national identity took root in modern China. I am also interested in using history as a critical tool in the appraisal of the impact of nationalism. The historical understanding of Wang Jingwei, the Nanjing government and the Peace Movement in Asia or even in the world provides an excellent field of research into competing attitudes toward nationalism. After getting to know Mr. Mang Hang Ho, I was more certain that the making of the Wang Jingwei website was necessary and timely. Wang Jingwei studies have taken a new turn in the recent years. Regardless of the now more multi-faceted approaches, the discussions that focus on politics and diplomacy still tend to be confined within the ideological framework of nationalism. Ideologically loaded terms such as hanjian (collaborator) or wei (puppet) still dominate the discourse. Moreover, the silence from the descendants of Wang Jingwei and his associates makes it difficult to re-examine this controversial history from different perspectives. As an eye witness, Mr. Ho has made enormous efforts in preserving and documenting related historical materials. We need to hear more voices from these historical actors. I hope the Wang Jingwei Website will provide both scholars and the public who are interested in Wang Jingwei and the history of modern China a platform that integrates historical memories and experience with primary sources.”

Hsiao-pei Yen received her PhD in history from Harvard University. Her research has focused on critical reappraisal of the development of nationalism in twentieth-century China. She is working on fossils and national authenticity, as well as deconstructing the history of Wang Jingwei studies. She has co-edited the book Sociology and Anthropology in Twentieth Century China (CUHK Press, 2012) with Arif Dirlik and Guannan Li. Her articles have appeared in academic journals including the Journal of the History of Biology and Asian Studies Review.

Cindy Ho: Managing Editor

“I am involved in this for three reasons: 1) to finish a project my father, Ho Mang Hang, started and to which he dedicated decades of his life; 2) we all deserve the opportunity to learn from the past in an unfiltered manner; 3) I am in a unique position to help others understand this critical yet little-known part of history, and discover the truths behind the ideas behind the actions of Wang Jingwei, my grandfather, as he himself had abundantly and consistently expressed in many ways. I am honored to be able to share this information.”

Cindy Ho, a graphic designer/advertising art director by trade, founded of the New York based nonprofit SAFE/Saving Antiquities for Everyone, dedicated to preserving cultural heritage worldwide. She was a curator of Quentin Roosevelt’s China, Ancestral Realms of the Naxi exhibition and editor of the accompanying book. She also produced the photo-documentaries Trailing the Written Word: The Art of Writing Among China’s Ethnic Minorities and West of the East – A Journey Through Macau, Asia’s First and Last Colony.

Professor Timothy James Brook, PhD

Timothy Brook is a professor and writer on Chinese and world history at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver. A native of Toronto and graduate of the University of Toronto, Brook moved from Toronto to become principal of St. John’s College at UBC in 2004, where he was named to the Republic of China Chair. He has also held positions at the University of Alberta (1984-86), Stanford University )1997-99), and the University of Oxford, where he was Shaw Professor of Chinese from 2007 to 2009.

The Canadian Historical Association awarded Brook the François-Xavier Garneau Medal in 2002 and the Wallace K. Ferguson Prize in 2009. In addition to other awards, he was given a Guggenheim fellowship in 2006 and a Getty fellowship in 2014, and received an honorary doctorate from the University of Warwick in 2010. He was elected to the Royal Society of Canada in 2013.

A specialist on the history of China in the 16th and 17th centuries, Brook has also published on Japan’s wartime occupation of China (1937-45) and human rights in China since 1989. He has published eleven books (nine of which have been translated into other languages) and edited seven (of which three have been translated into Chinese). He also served as editor-in-chief of the six-volume History of Imperial China published by Harvard University Press.

His most widely read book is Vermeer’s Hat: The Seventeenth Century and the Dawn of the Global Age, awarded the Mark Lynton Prize from the Columbia School of Journalism and the Nieman Foundation for Journalism at Harvard University, and the Prix Auguste Pavie from the Académie des Sciences d’Outre-mer, Paris. His most recent book for a general readership is Mr. Selden’s Map of China: Decoding the Secrets of a Vanished Cartographer.

Tim Brook is the past president of the Association for Asian Studies, the largest professional organization of scholars working on Asia. He lives on Salt Spring Island with his wife, Fay Sims. Their four children are dispersed between Vancouver and New York.

Professor Arif Dirlik, PhD

Arif Dirlik was born in Mersin, Turkey and now lives in Eugene, OR, in semi-retirement. He received his PhD. in History from the University of Rochester. He taught at Duke University for thirty years as professor of history and anthropology before moving in 2001 to the University of Oregon where he served as Knight Professor of Social Science, Professor of History and Anthropology, and Director of the Center for Critical Theory and Transnational Studies. He has taught at numerous other institutions around the world. He most recently (Fall 2011) held the the Rajni Kothari Chair in Democracy at the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies in Delhi, India.

Professor Dirlik has served or continues to serve on the editorial boards of more than a dozen academic journals including boundary 2 and Cultural Studies (Beijing). He is the editor of two book series, Studies in Global Modernity (SUNY Press).as well as co-editor with Dr. Yu Keping of a series of  translations from prominent Chinese official intellectuals, published by Brill Publishers in the Netherlands. Dirlik’s works have been translated into Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Turkish, Bulgarian, French, German and Portuguese. His publications in English include Revolution and History: Origins of Marxist Historiography in China, 1991-1937, Origins of Chinese Communism; Anarchism in the Chinese Revolution; The Postcolonial Aura: Third World Criticism in the Age of Global Capitalism; and Global Modernity: Modernity in the Age of Global Capitalism. He has also edited many volumes and authored more than 200 articles on subjects ranging from Chinese history and historiography to issues of globalization and the Pacific region to theoretical discussions of postcolonial criticism and postmodernity.

Professor Magnus Fiskesjö, PhD

Magnus Fiskesjö is visiting associate professor of anthropology at NYU Shanghai (2014-2015). He is also associate professor of anthropology at Cornell University. Prior to joining NYU Shanghai, he was director of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities in Stockholm, Sweden, and has been a visiting scholar at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, Hong Kong Baptist University, and the Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition at Yale University. He holds a PhD and an MA from the University of Chicago and a BA from Lund University.

Professor Fiskesjö’s research interests are in anthropology, archaeology, and museum and heritage studies. His books include The Thanksgiving Turkey Pardon and the coauthored volume China Before China. Fiskesjö’s recent work has appeared in Focaal: Journal of Global and Historical Anthropology, the Journal of Global History, Social Text, theJournal of Burma Studies, and in the Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology.

Professor Dongyoun Hwang, PhD

Dongyoun Hwang received a Ph.D. in modern Chinese History from Duke University and is Professor of Asian Studies at Soka University of America in Aliso Viejo, California. He has written about wartime collaboration in China during the Sino-Japanese War of 1937-1945 and the rise of radicalism in Eastern Asia. He is the author of Anarchism in Korea: Independence, Transnationalism, and the Question of National Development, 1919-1984 (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, forthcoming). In addition to an examination of Wang Jingwei and the Guomindang in 1927, he is currently working on a new edition of Song of Ariran by Nym Wales and Kim San, and an examination of the rise of the transnational radical networks in Tokyo, Shanghai, Canton, and Yan’an.

Without the dedication of Mang Hang Ho and his dogged insistence on documenting history as it was lived this website would not have been possible.

The Wang Jingwei Irrevocable Trust (Wang Jingwei Trust) is grateful to Dr. Hsiao-pei Yen for her interest, patience, and willingness to accept this long-overdue project. Most of all, for her exceptional scholarship and writing skills, helping us understand not only Wang Jingwei the person, but a critical point in modern Chinese history.

Wang Jingwei Trust also thanks the following for their contributions:

The children of Chan Cheong-Choo, Chen Gongbo‘s son Dr. Kan Chen, Zhu Peide’s son Mr. William Chu, for their invaluable contributions to Remembering Wang Jingwei;

The sons of Zeng Zhongming and Fang Junbi, Chu Youyi (Chu Minyi‘s son) and the children of Chan Cheong-Choo for the use of photos from their family archives;

University of Bristol’s “Historical Photographs of China” Project and Wikimedia Commons for their archives of images;

Harmony Barker, Shira Bogin, Chuck Skorupski for collections management and web assistance;

Ellen Chan, Rosalind Foy, Migdalia Tollens for proofreading;

Victoria Chi, the granddaughter of Chu Minyi, for assisting with website, translation and proofreading;

Jonathan Henshaw for additional research assistance;

Lawrence Ho for transcribing Wang Jingwei’s Cantonese speech;

Pansy Miu Lan Poon for helping with Wang Jingwei’s poems;

Kimiko Sakai for the Japanese recordings;

Taiwan eBook.

Last but not least, we thank Zeng Xing for safeguarding much of the material and helping further our understanding of this complex period in China’s history.

Over the years, Chinese words have been transliterated into English in different ways such as Wade-Giles, or based on the local dialects used by the individuals. On this website, people’s names are transliterated in the pinyin system except for those who are already well known in another form, such as Sun Yat-sen, Chiang Kai-shek. Exceptions are also made for individuals who have widely used their names in another form, such as Ho Mang Hang and Chan Cheong-Choo.

For your reference, the following individuals often appear in many publications in different English transliterations e.g.:

Wang Jingwei (pinyin) is also transcribed as Wang Ching-wei or Wang Ching-Wei;
Chen Bijun is also transcribed as Ch’en Pi-chün, Chen Pi-chun;
Fang Junbi is also transcribed as Fan Tchunpi or Fan Tchun-pi;
Zeng Zhongming is also transcribed as Tsen Tsonming.

Your access to, and your use of, this Wang Jingwei Irrevocable Trust website (“WJW Trust Website” or “website”) are subject to the disclaimers, terms of use and conditions of use that are set forth below, as well as all applicable copyrights and all applicable laws and regulations of the United States of America and the State of New York, all of which are subject to change and revision from time to time without prior notice. Accessing any part of the WJW Trust Website constitutes your complete acceptance of all disclaimers and terms and conditions of use contained herein.

The WJW Trust reserves the right to restrict your access, or terminate all access, to this website, or terminate access to any content contained in this website, or take any other actions that the WJW Trust reasonably believes necessary to comply with the law, or protect its rights or protect any third party rights. Any access or attempt to access this  WJW Trust website for any purpose that does not conform with sentence one of this paragraph is prohibited.

Disclaimer of Warranties

The  WJW Trust Website is provided to you on an “as is” basis without warranties of any kind, either express or implied. You expressly understand and agree that the WJW Trust makes no representation, warranty, or guaranty as to the reliability, timeliness, quality, suitability, availability, accuracy or completeness of the website, any content contained therein, including any hyperlinks. The WJW Trust disclaims any representation or warranty of any kind whatsoever, directly or indirectly, whether express or implied, statutory or otherwise, including, but not limited to, implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement of third-party rights, with respect to the  WJW Trust Website or any content herein.

Limitation of Liability

In no event, shall the WJW Trust, or any agents, representatives or licensors be liable hereunder, under any theory of liability whatsoever (including, but not limited to, negligence and strict liability) for any direct, indirect, incidental, special, punitive or consequential damages or for loss of profits, revenue, data or programming, (whether in an action in contract, tort, product liability, statute or otherwise (even if the WJW Trust has been advised of the possibility of such damages) arising out of: (a) your use of the website, including, but not limited to, any loss or damage caused by any reliance on, or any delays, inaccuracies, errors or omissions in, any information accessed on or through the website; (b) your inability to use the website for whatever reason, including, but not limited to, communications failure or any other failure with transmission or delivery of any information accessed on or though the Website; (c) the deletion, correction, destruction, damage, loss or failure to store any information; or (d) any other matter relating to this Website.

Because some jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion of certain warranties or limitation or exclusion of liability for incidental or consequential damages, in such jurisdictions the WJW Trust’s aggregate liability will be limited to the extent permitted by the laws of that jurisdiction. Without limiting the foregoing, you agree that if you use third-party information, services or products offered on a website linked to or that is otherwise referred to on or through this website, such party is solely responsible for such information, services or products, and you hereby release the WJW Trust, and any officers, directors, advisors, members, employees, agents, representatives and licensors, from any claims, demands and damages (including, but not limited to, direct, indirect, incidental, special, punitive or consequential damages) of every kind and nature, known and unknown, suspected and unsuspected, disclosed and undisclosed, arising out of or in any way connected with such information, services or products, any transactions between you and such party and any disputes between you and such party.


You agree to indemnify and hold harmless, and at the WJW Trust’s option, defend the WJW Trust and any employees, agents, representatives and licensors, from all damages, costs, liabilities, suits, judgments, penalties, expenses, obligations, losses, claims, actions, costs and expenses (including, but not limited to, attorneys’ fees and expenses), relating to or arising out of: (a) any breach of these Terms and Conditions of Use; or (b) any use of the WJW Trust Website by you.

Copyright, Proprietary Rights and Trademark Infringement

Except as otherwise identified, the copyright to the content included in this WJW Trust Website (including but not limited to text, images, photographs, illustrations, multimedia (graphic, audio and video), charts, reports, data, software HTML code and screens contained therein) is the property of the respective copyright holders identified herein, or is in the public domain, or is subject to a GNU Free Documentation license or is licensed to the WJW Trust (except for government works) and is subject to protection by U.S. and international intellectual property laws, including but not limited to any patent rights, copyrights, trade secrets, trade names, trademarks, services marks, moral rights, know-how and any other similar rights or intangible assets recognized under the laws or international conventions in any country or jurisdiction in the world as intellectual creations to which rights of ownership accrue.

The WJW Trust reserves the right to copy, relocate, back-up and remove content and information from the WJW Trust Website in its sole discretion.

Except as expressly provided in these Terms and Conditions of Use or as otherwise authorized in advance in writing by the WJW Trust, you may not download, copy, store, manipulate, reformat, print, display, publish, distribute, create a derivative work from, resell or make any other use of, any information contained on the the WJW Trust Website. The source of the images should also be cited in any reproduction.

The WJW Trust name and other WJW Trust marks, logos, titles, and names contained in the WJW Trust Website are trademarks owned and/or registered either by the WJW Trust or by a related company and/or licensor. All other third-party trademarks are owned by the respective third parties.

All reasonable efforts have been made to ascertain and credit ownership and copyright status of all materials contained in this website. If you feel your material has been used without proper credit, please contact the WJW Trust.

No part of this WJW Trust Website may be copied or reproduced for commercial purposes without the express written permission of the WJW Trust or the identified owner, licensee or copyright holder of the information and content contained herein.

Governing Law; Jurisdiction

The WJW Trust operates this website from the United States. You hereby agree that the laws of the State of New York will apply to all matters relating to these Terms and Conditions of Use and this website and that these Terms and Conditions of Use shall not be governed by the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sales of Goods. These Terms and Conditions of Use shall be construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York, without giving effect to any principles or rules of conflicts of laws to the extent such principles or rules are not required by statute and would require or permit the application of the laws of other jurisdictions, as to all matters, including, but not limited to, matters of validity, construction, effect, performance and remedies. In connection with any litigation, without limiting the WJW Trust’s right to bring an action against you in any jurisdiction, you further agree to submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of and venue in the federal and state courts located in the County of New York in the State of New York. You agree that any claim or cause of action arising out of or related to the use of this website or these Terms and Conditions of Use must be filed within one (1) year after such claim or cause of action arose regardless of any statute or law to the contrary.


The user of this online resource acknowledges that electronic communications, databases and websites are subject to errors, malfunctions, tampering and break-ins, or that use thereof may result in damages to the user’s systems or operations. While the WJW Trust implements reasonable precautions to attempt to prevent such occurrences, the user further acknowledges that the WJW Trust does not guarantee such events will not take place. Furthermore, the WJW Trust disclaims any actual or implied liability for damage or inconvenience caused by such occurrences. The user shall be solely responsible for ensuring that any information or content accessed or downloaded from this WJW Trust Website or any other resource or website accessed from this WJW Trust Website does not contain any virus or other computer software code or subroutine designed to disable, erase, impair or otherwise damage its systems, software or data. By accessing this WJW Trust Website and any data contained therein, the user agrees to indemnify, defend and hold the WJW Trust harmless from any liability, claim, cost or damage arising from any third-party claim or suit caused by such virus or code or subroutine.

These Terms and Conditions of Use, including the Privacy Policy and Acceptable Use Policy and all other policies of the WJW Trust incorporated by reference herein, as may be amended from time to time by the WJW Trust including, but not limited to, by posting such amendments on the WJW Trust Website, constitute the complete and exclusive agreement between the WJW Trust and you with respect to the subject matter hereof and supersede all prior discussions, understandings and agreements with respect to the subject matter hereof. If any provision of these Terms and Conditions of Use shall be held invalid in any respect by any court or governmental agency of competent jurisdiction and all appeals have been exhausted, then that provision shall be deemed severable from these Terms and Conditions of Use. Any such provision that is held to be invalid shall not affect the validity or enforceability in other jurisdictions of that or any other provision of this Agreement.

These Terms and Conditions of Use will not constitute a waiver of the WJW Trust’s right to subsequently enforce such provision or to exercise any other right, power or remedy. No waiver of any provision of these Terms and  Conditions of Use shall be effective unless in writing. You agree that all agreements, notices, disclosures and other communications between you and the WJW Trust that are electronic in form satisfy any legal requirement that such communications be in writing. Use of the WJW Trust Website constitutes acceptance of these Terms and Conditions of Use, which incorporate the Privacy Policy and Acceptable Use Policy.

Acceptable Use Policy

This Acceptable Use Policy (“Acceptable Use Policy”) sets forth certain permitted and prohibited uses of the WJW Trust Website. As a user of the WJW Trust Website, you are referred to herein as “you” or “user.” The WJW Trust reserves the right to determine, in its sole discretion, whether a use of this website is in violation of the Acceptable Use Policy. The WJW Trust reserves the right to monitor this website, and when the WJW Trust becomes aware of an actual or attempted violation of the Acceptable Use Policy, to take such action as it deems appropriate to address the violation. The WJW Trust shall not be responsible for any loss or damage arising out of your failure to comply with the Acceptable Use Policy.

Prohibited Uses

The following are examples of types of uses of the website that are prohibited under the Acceptable Use Policy:

Illegal/Criminal Activity

You may not use the website to commit, or in connection with, criminal or civil violations of federal, state, local or international laws, regulations or other government requirements. Such violations include, but are not limited to, theft or infringement of patents, copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets or other types of intellectual property; fraud; forgery; theft or misappropriation of funds or information; violation of export control laws or regulations; encouraging conduct that would constitute a criminal offense or give rise to civil liability; and assisting or permitting any third parties engaged in or attempting to engage in any of the  activities described above. The WJW Trust reserves the right to report any activity that may violate any law or regulation to appropriate law enforcement officials, regulators or other third parties. In order to cooperate with governmental requests with respect to possible violations of laws or regulations, the WJW Trust may access and disclose to law enforcement officials, regulators or other third parties, any information the WJW Trust considers necessary or appropriate.

Security Violations

You are prohibited from violating, or attempting to violate, the security of the website. Any such violations may result in criminal and civil liabilities to you. Examples of prohibited security violations include, but are not limited to, logging into a server or account that you are not authorized to access; accessing data or taking any action to obtain services not intended for you or your use; attempting to probe, scan or test the vulnerability of any system, subsystem or network; tampering, hacking, modifying or otherwise corrupting or breaching security or authentication measures without proper authorization; transmitting material that contains viruses, Trojan horses, worms, time bombs, cancelbots or other computer programming routines or engines with the intent or effect of damaging, destroying, disrupting or otherwise impairing a computer’s functionality or the operation of the system; interfering with, intercepting or expropriating any system, data or information; or interfering with service to any user, host or network including, but not limited to, by means of overloading or “crashing” any computer system.


Spam is an unacceptable use of the WJW Trust Website. Spam includes, but is not limited to, any of the following activities: sending any unsolicited email that could be expected, in the WJW Trust’s discretion, to provoke complaints; sending unsolicited email without identifying in the email a clear and easy means to be excluded from receiving additional email from the originator of the email; or sending email that does not accurately identify the sender, the sender’s return address and the email address of origin.

Other Prohibited Conduct

You may not: (a) use any device, software or routine to interfere or attempt to interfere with the proper working of the Website, or take any action that imposes an unreasonable or disproportionately large load on our infrastructure; (b) copy, reproduce, republish, upload, post, transmit, or distribute in any way material from this website in any manner inconsistent with the purposes for which we offer the material; (c) without our express written permission, copy, modify, or display our name or logo, or any text, graphic images, or other content from this website; (d) redeliver any of the pages, text, images, or other content of the website using “framing,” redirection or similar technology without our express written permission; (e) use devices (including software) that are designed to provide repeated automated access to the WJW Trust Website other than those made generally available by the WJW Trust; (f) include the WJW Trust or any other trademark, trade name or service mark of ours, the name of any of our advisors, members, affiliates or personnel, or any variation of any of the foregoing, as a metatag, or hidden textual element; (g) include the the WJW Trust name or Logo or any other trademark, trade name or service mark of ours, the name of any of our advisors, members, affiliates or personnel, or any variation of any of the foregoing, as any other indicator that may create a likelihood of confusion or a false or misleading impression of affiliation, sponsorship, or endorsement between us and any user and/or site; (h) collect or store personal data about other users of this Website; (i) upload, post, reproduce or distribute any information, software or other material protected by copyright or any other intellectual property right (as well as rights of publicity and privacy) without first obtaining the permission of the owner of such rights; (j) archive this Website; and (k) create a link to this Website unless our express written permission is received and any such link satisfies all of the following requirements: (i) indicates clearly that the link will lead to the WJW Trust Website; (ii) does not falsely or misleadingly represent or suggest any relationship between the linking site and the WJW Trust (including suggestions of affiliation, endorsement, or sponsorship); (iii) does not link to this Website in a manner that results in the dilution or disparagement of our intellectual property; (iv) delivers content of this Website in a frame environment; (v) maintains the integrity of the layout, content, and look and feel of this Website; and (vi) delivers users to this Website, unaltered, unmodified, unadulterated in any way by the linking site.


Violations of the the WJW Trust Policy may result in a demand by the WJW Trust for immediate removal of the offending material, immediate, temporary or permanent filtering, blocked access, suspension or termination of use of this website, or other action appropriate to the violation, as determined by the WJW Trust in its sole discretion. When feasible and lawful, it is the WJW Trust’s preference to give notice so that violations may be addressed voluntarily; however, the WJW Trust reserves the right to act without notice as the WJW Trust may determine in its sole discretion. The WJW Trust will cooperate with law enforcement agencies if unlawful activity is suspected. Violators of the the WJW Trust Policy may also be subject to civil or criminal liability under applicable law. The WJW Trust, in its sole discretion, may terminate your access to this website, or any portion thereof, without notice for any reason, including, but not limited to, if the WJW Trust believes that you have breached the the WJW Trust Policy. The WJW Trust reserves the right to terminate your access to this website upon notice if you violate the policies of the WJW Trust Website’s Internet service provider.

Links Disclaimer

The appearance of external hyperlinks on any page of the WJW Trust Website does not constitute endorsement by the WJW Trust of the website or any of the information, products, or services contained therein. The WJW Trust has not verified any of the information you may find at these locations. Such links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this website. The WJW Trust makes no representations concerning the availability, accuracy or suitability any such resources or websites for any purpose whatsoever. The WJW Trust is not responsible for the accuracy, intellectual property compliance, legality, legitimacy or decency of any information or content contained on any websites accessible directly or indirectly via a hyperlink to or from this WJW Trust Website.

All reasonable efforts have been made to verify the accuracy or all information contained in this WJW Trust Website. All data accessed using this WJW Trust Website is provided on an “as is” basis with no warranty of any kind.

The views and opinions expressed in the WJW Trust Website are solely those of the authors.

Your use of the WJW Trust Website signifies that you understand and agree to these Terms and Conditions of Use.

The Wang Jingwei Irrevocable Trust (“WJW Trust” and “we”) has created this Privacy Policy statement to demonstrate our commitment to the highest ethical standards and appropriate internal controls. We recognize that you may have an interest in how we collect, retain and use information about you via this WJW Trust Website (“Website”). Currently we do not collect any information about website viewers through the use of “cookies,” which are small pieces of information that are stored by your browser on your computer’s hard drive. If, however, in the future, the WJW Trust decides to use this technology, the information we collect from “cookies” will be solely used for the purpose of better understanding users and their use of the website.

The WJW Trust will not share or release information collected about you through this website to third parties, unless we receive your prior written consent or we are required by law to release information to the recipient. The WJW Trust may, however, produce internal reports that analyze user activity in anonymous aggregated form.

This website is protected with a variety of security measures. We employ a variety of mechanisms to ensure that any data we provide is free of viruses, worms and other malicious code known as of the date the information was originally posted to the website. We also employ mechanisms to ensure that any data you provide to us is not lost, misused, or altered inappropriately.

If you have any questions about this Privacy Policy or the practices of this website, please contact us using the link at the bottom of this page. We reserve the right to change this policy at any time by posting a new policy at this location.