The Wang Jingwei Website

中文

The Wang Jingwei Irrevocable Trust wishes to further the understanding of the life and ideas of Wang Jingwei (1883-1944) – one of the most controversial and complex political figures in modern Chinese history – using his own words, factual events and those of his associates.
The Wang Jingwei Irrevocable Trust wishes to further the understanding of the life and ideas of Wang Jingwei (1883-1944) – one of the most controversial and complex political figures in modern Chinese history – using his own words, those of his associates, and factual events.

A majority of the material presented here has never been published or is out-of-print. For example, the manuscript of the draft of an autobiography that Wang Jingwei wrote with the help of Zeng Zhongming, the original draft of Nanshe shihua (Poetry of Nanshe) written by Wang Jingwei using the pen name Manzhao, and private correspondence, etc. Some of these documents are in the collection of the Wang Jingwei Irrevocable Trust while others are in the hands of the descendants of Wang Jingwei and his associates (according to Ho Mang Hang, Zeng Xing collected and preserved many manuscripts by Wang Jingwei and related publications, which were passed to the sons of her brother Zeng Zhongming after her death. The original testimonies Wang Jingwei wrote in jail in 1910 and parts of the manuscript of the poetry collection are in the hands of Wang Wenying’s children). Some of the material presented here are copies Ho Mang Hang photocopied or transcribed from the originals. Content developed specifically for this website is based on primary source materials and research by the website’s chief author Dr. Hsiao-pei Yen and a team of researchers.

The Wang Jingwei Website is a continuing project. It will be updated periodically and expanded to include more content. We welcome any objective criticism and suggestions.
Beside detailed descriptions of the lives of Wang Jingwei and his wife and lifetime comrade Chen Bijun, this website also presents an array of biographies of Wang Jingwei’s associates, including the early revolutionary comrades, the later Peace Movement comrades, as well as secretaries, aides and relatives. The Genealogy provides family trees of Wang Jingwei, Chen Bijun and other related people. The Timeline juxtaposes the Wang Jingwei chronology with domestic and global events to probe into how Wang Jingwei’s life and political oeuvre interacted with the broader context. To further understand Wang Jingwei’s thoughts and ideas, the website presents not only his poems and political writings but also the recordings of his charismatic speeches. We also invited eyewitnesses from the past to share their experiences with Wang Jingwei. Last but not least, the website lists references of scholarly work about Wang Jingwei and the peace movement in English and Chinese as well as documentaries made during the 1940s about the Nanjing government.

Due to limitation of space, the Trust only shows excerpts of some of the original materials like manuscripts and correspondence. For privacy reasons, the identity of the holders of certain materials is not revealed. For further information, please contact us.

The Wang Jingwei website is a continuing project. It will be updated periodically and expanded to include more content. We welcome any objective criticism and suggestions.

Dr. Hsiao-pei Yen

Dr. Hsiao-pei Yen

“Being a historian of modern Chinese history, I am particularly interested in how concepts of nationalism and national identity took root in modern China. I am also interested in using history as a critical tool in the appraisal of the impact of nationalism. The historical understanding of Wang Jingwei, the Nanjing government and the Peace Movement in Asia or even in the world provides an excellent field of research into competing attitudes toward nationalism. After getting to know Mr. Mang Hang Ho, I was more certain that the making of the Wang Jingwei website was necessary and timely. Wang Jingwei studies have taken a new turn in the recent years. Regardless of the now more multi-faceted approaches, the discussions that focus on politics and diplomacy still tend to be confined within the ideological framework of nationalism. Ideologically loaded terms such as hanjian (collaborator) or wei (puppet) still dominate the discourse. Moreover, the silence from the descendants of Wang Jingwei and his associates makes it difficult to re-examine this controversial history from different perspectives. As an eye witness, Mr. Ho has made enormous efforts in preserving and documenting related historical materials. We need to hear more voices from these historical actors. I hope the Wang Jingwei Website will provide both scholars and the public who are interested in Wang Jingwei and the history of modern China a platform that integrates historical memories and experience with primary sources.”

Hsiao-pei Yen received her PhD in history from Harvard University. Her research has focused on critical reappraisal of the development of nationalism in twentieth-century China. She is working on fossils and national authenticity, as well as deconstructing the history of Wang Jingwei studies. She has co-edited the book Sociology and Anthropology in Twentieth Century China (CUHK Press, 2012) with Arif Dirlik and Guannan Li. Her articles have appeared in academic journals including the Journal of the History of Biology and Asian Studies Review.

Cindy Ho: Managing Editor

“I am involved in this for three reasons: 1) to finish a project my father, Ho Mang Hang, started and to which he dedicated decades of his life; 2) we all deserve the opportunity to learn from the past in an unfiltered manner; 3) I am in a unique position to help others understand this critical yet little-known part of history, and discover the truths behind the ideas behind the actions of Wang Jingwei, my grandfather, as he himself had abundantly and consistently expressed in many ways. I am honored to be able to share this information.”

Cindy Ho, a graphic designer/advertising art director by trade, founded of the New York based nonprofit SAFE/Saving Antiquities for Everyone, dedicated to preserving cultural heritage worldwide. She was a curator of Quentin Roosevelt’s China, Ancestral Realms of the Naxi exhibition and editor of the accompanying book. She also produced the photo-documentaries Trailing the Written Word: The Art of Writing Among China’s Ethnic Minorities and West of the East – A Journey Through Macau, Asia’s First and Last Colony.

Professor Timothy James Brook, PhD

Timothy Brook is a professor and writer on Chinese and world history at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver. A native of Toronto and graduate of the University of Toronto, Brook moved from Toronto to become principal of St. John’s College at UBC in 2004, where he was named to the Republic of China Chair. He has also held positions at the University of Alberta (1984-86), Stanford University )1997-99), and the University of Oxford, where he was Shaw Professor of Chinese from 2007 to 2009.

The Canadian Historical Association awarded Brook the François-Xavier Garneau Medal in 2002 and the Wallace K. Ferguson Prize in 2009. In addition to other awards, he was given a Guggenheim fellowship in 2006 and a Getty fellowship in 2014, and received an honorary doctorate from the University of Warwick in 2010. He was elected to the Royal Society of Canada in 2013.

A specialist on the history of China in the 16th and 17th centuries, Brook has also published on Japan’s wartime occupation of China (1937-45) and human rights in China since 1989. He has published eleven books (nine of which have been translated into other languages) and edited seven (of which three have been translated into Chinese). He also served as editor-in-chief of the six-volume History of Imperial China published by Harvard University Press.

His most widely read book is Vermeer’s Hat: The Seventeenth Century and the Dawn of the Global Age, awarded the Mark Lynton Prize from the Columbia School of Journalism and the Nieman Foundation for Journalism at Harvard University, and the Prix Auguste Pavie from the Académie des Sciences d’Outre-mer, Paris. His most recent book for a general readership is Mr. Selden’s Map of China: Decoding the Secrets of a Vanished Cartographer.

Tim Brook is the past president of the Association for Asian Studies, the largest professional organization of scholars working on Asia. He lives on Salt Spring Island with his wife, Fay Sims. Their four children are dispersed between Vancouver and New York.

Professor Arif Dirlik, PhD

Arif Dirlik was born in Mersin, Turkey and now lives in Eugene, OR, in semi-retirement. He received his PhD. in History from the University of Rochester. He taught at Duke University for thirty years as professor of history and anthropology before moving in 2001 to the University of Oregon where he served as Knight Professor of Social Science, Professor of History and Anthropology, and Director of the Center for Critical Theory and Transnational Studies. He has taught at numerous other institutions around the world. He most recently (Fall 2011) held the the Rajni Kothari Chair in Democracy at the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies in Delhi, India.

Professor Dirlik has served or continues to serve on the editorial boards of more than a dozen academic journals including boundary 2 and Cultural Studies (Beijing). He is the editor of two book series, Studies in Global Modernity (SUNY Press).as well as co-editor with Dr. Yu Keping of a series of  translations from prominent Chinese official intellectuals, published by Brill Publishers in the Netherlands. Dirlik’s works have been translated into Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Turkish, Bulgarian, French, German and Portuguese. His publications in English include Revolution and History: Origins of Marxist Historiography in China, 1991-1937, Origins of Chinese Communism; Anarchism in the Chinese Revolution; The Postcolonial Aura: Third World Criticism in the Age of Global Capitalism; and Global Modernity: Modernity in the Age of Global Capitalism. He has also edited many volumes and authored more than 200 articles on subjects ranging from Chinese history and historiography to issues of globalization and the Pacific region to theoretical discussions of postcolonial criticism and postmodernity.

Professor Magnus Fiskesjö, PhD

Magnus Fiskesjö is visiting associate professor of anthropology at NYU Shanghai (2014-2015). He is also associate professor of anthropology at Cornell University. Prior to joining NYU Shanghai, he was director of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities in Stockholm, Sweden, and has been a visiting scholar at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, Hong Kong Baptist University, and the Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition at Yale University. He holds a PhD and an MA from the University of Chicago and a BA from Lund University.

Professor Fiskesjö’s research interests are in anthropology, archaeology, and museum and heritage studies. His books include The Thanksgiving Turkey Pardon and the coauthored volume China Before China. Fiskesjö’s recent work has appeared in Focaal: Journal of Global and Historical Anthropology, the Journal of Global History, Social Text, theJournal of Burma Studies, and in the Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology.

Professor Dongyoun Hwang, PhD

Dongyoun Hwang received a Ph.D. in modern Chinese History from Duke University and is Professor of Asian Studies at Soka University of America in Aliso Viejo, California. He has written about wartime collaboration in China during the Sino-Japanese War of 1937-1945 and the rise of radicalism in Eastern Asia. He is the author of Anarchism in Korea: Independence, Transnationalism, and the Question of National Development, 1919-1984 (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, forthcoming). In addition to an examination of Wang Jingwei and the Guomindang in 1927, he is currently working on a new edition of Song of Ariran by Nym Wales and Kim San, and an examination of the rise of the transnational radical networks in Tokyo, Shanghai, Canton, and Yan’an.

Without the dedication of Mang Hang Ho and his dogged insistence on documenting history as it was lived this website would not have been possible.

The Wang Jingwei Irrevocable Trust (Wang Jingwei Trust) is grateful to Dr. Hsiao-pei Yen for her interest, patience, and willingness to accept this long-overdue project. Most of all, for her exceptional scholarship and writing skills, helping us understand not only Wang Jingwei the person, but a critical point in modern Chinese history.

Wang Jingwei Trust also thanks the following for their contributions:

The children of Chan Cheong-Choo, Chen Gongbo‘s son Dr. Kan Chen, Zhu Peide’s son Mr. William Chu, for their invaluable contributions to Remembering Wang Jingwei;

The sons of Zeng Zhongming and Fang Junbi, Chu Youyi (Chu Minyi‘s son) and the children of Chan Cheong-Choo for the use of photos from their family archives;

University of Bristol’s “Historical Photographs of China” Project and Wikimedia Commons for their archives of images;

Harmony Barker, Shira Bogin, Chuck Skorupski for collections management and web assistance;

Ellen Chan, Rosalind Foy, Migdalia Tollens for proofreading;

Victoria Chi, the granddaughter of Chu Minyi, for assisting with website, translation and proofreading;

Jonathan Henshaw for additional research assistance;

Lawrence Ho for transcribing Wang Jingwei’s Cantonese speech;

Pansy Miu Lan Poon for helping with Wang Jingwei’s poems;

Kimiko Sakai for the Japanese recordings;

Taiwan eBook.

Last but not least, we thank Zeng Xing for safeguarding much of the material and helping further our understanding of this complex period in China’s history.

Over the years, Chinese words have been transliterated into English in different ways such as Wade-Giles, or based on the local dialects used by the individuals. On this website, people’s names are transliterated in the pinyin system except for those who are already well known in another form, such as Sun Yat-sen, Chiang Kai-shek. Exceptions are also made for individuals who have widely used their names in another form, such as Ho Mang Hang and Chan Cheong-Choo.

For your reference, the following individuals often appear in many publications in different English transliterations e.g.:

Wang Jingwei (pinyin) is also transcribed as Wang Ching-wei or Wang Ching-Wei;
Chen Bijun is also transcribed as Ch’en Pi-chün, Chen Pi-chun;
Fang Junbi is also transcribed as Fan Tchunpi or Fan Tchun-pi;
Zeng Zhongming is also transcribed as Tsen Tsonming.

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