English Resources


Many responsible scholars, journalists and researchers from around the world have written about Wang Jingwei’s life and work. Since many other published sources contain factual errors and distortions with little or no input from eye witnesses to the events in question, the Wang Jingwei Trust offers the following list of published works to those who wish to learn more about the events and motivations that informed Wang Jingwei’s life and the circumstances that governed his thoughts and actions within the proper context.

As Wang Jingwei studies evolve the Wang Jingwei Trust will continue to add books, journal articles, chapters in multi-author works and Internet content that provide accurate information and interpretations of Wang Jingwei’s life and work. Published historians and scholars, professors at accredited academic institutions and post-graduate students are encouraged to recommend documents and links to articles and other writings for the Wang Jingwei Trust to review with the goal of creating the most and complete understanding of this complex and often misunderstood individual.


Barrett, David P. “Ideological Foundations of the Wang Jingwei Government: Rural Pacification, the New Citizens Movement and the Greater East Asia War.” Paper presented at the Jinbainian lai Zhong-Ri guanxi yantaohui [Conference of Sino-Japanese Relations in the Last One Hundred Years], Hong Kong, 1990.

———, “The Wang Jingwei Regime, 1940-1945: Continuities and Disjunctures with Nationalist China.” In Chinese Collaboration with Japan, 1932-1945: The Limits of Accommodation, edited by David Barrett and Larry Shyu, 102-115. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002.

Bate, Don. Wang Ching Wei: Puppet or Patriot. Chicago: Ralph Fletcher Seymour, 1941.

Boorman, Howard L, Richard C. Howard, and Joseph K.H. Cheng, eds. Biographical Dictionary of Modern China. Vol. 3. New York: Columbia University Press, 1970.

———, “Wang Ching-wei: A Political Profile.” In Revolutionary Leaders of Modern China, edited by Chün-tu Hsüeh, 295-391. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971.

———, “Wang Ching-wei: China’s Romantic Radical,” Political Science Quarterly 79, no.4 (December 1964).

Boyle, John Hunter. “The Road to Sino-Japanese Collaboration: the Background to the Defection of Wang Ching-wei.” In Monumenta Nipponica 25, nos. 3-4 (1970).

———, China and Japan at War, 1937-1945: the Politics of Collaboration. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1972.

Brook, Timothy. Collaboration: Japanese Agents and Local Elites in Wartime China, Harvard University Press, 2007.

Bunker, Gerald E. The Peace Conspiracy: Wang Ching-wei and the China War, 1937-1941. Cambridge: Harvard East Asia Series 67, 1972.

Cai, Dejin. “Relations between Chiang Kai-shek and Wang Ching-wei during the War Against Japan: An Examination of Some Problems.” Trans. Lloyd Eastman. Republican China 14, no. 2 (April 1989).

Chen, Jianyue. “Chen Gongbo (1892-1946) and Chinese National Salvation.” PhD diss., University of Toledo, 1999.

———, “American Studies of Wang Jingwei.” World History Review Vol. 2 (2004).

Chiu, Ming-wah. “Resistance, Peace and War: The Central China Daily News, the South China Daily News and the Wang Jingwei Clique during the Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945.” Master Thesis, University of Hong Kong, 2005.

Chiu, Lawrence M.W. “The South China Daily News and Wang Jingwei’s Peace Movement,1939-41.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch, Vol.50 (2010)

Conroy, F. Hilary. “Japan’s War in China: An Ideological Somersault,” Pacific Historical Review, 21:4 (Nov., 1952), 367-379

Feng, Chongyi. “Betrayal or Loyalty? A Comment on Roy’s Revealing a Secret Comintern Message to Wang Jingwei.” China Report 24, no.1 (Jan-Mar 1988).

Jiang, Yongjing. “Hu Shi and Wang Jingwei: Discussions on Sino-Japanese Issues before and after the War of Resistance against Japan.” Trans. Sylvia Chia. Chinese Studies in History 42, no.1 (Fall 2008).

Jordan, Donald A. “Shifts in Wang Chin-wei’s Japan Policy during the Kuomintang Factional Struggle of 1931-1932.” Asian Profile 12, no.3 (1984).

Kobayashi, Motohiro and Bob Tadashi Wakabayashi. “An Opium Tug-of-War: Japan versus the Wang Jingwei Regime.” Trans. Aaron Skabelun. In Opium Regimes: China, Britain, and Japan, 1839-1952, edited by Timothy Brook and Bob Tadashi Wakabayashi, 344-359. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.

Lee Ngok. “The Later Career Of Wang Ching-Wei, with Special Reference to His National Government’s Cooperation with Japan, 1938-1945,” Master Thesis, University of Hong Kong, 1966

Lin, Han-sheng. “Wang Ching-wei and the Japanese Peace Efforts.” PhD diss., University of Pennsylvania, 1967.

———, “Wang Ching-wei’s Memorandum to the Japanese Government, 1942,” Peace & Change, 1:1 (Oct. 1972)

———, “Chou Fo-hai: The Diplomacy of Survival.” In Diplomats in Crisis: United States-Chinese-Japanese Relations, 1919-1941, edited by Richard D. Bruns and Edward M.Bennett. 171-193. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio Press, 1974.

———, “A new look at Chinese nationalist ‘Appeasers.’” In China and Japan: Search for Balance Since World War I, edited by Alvin D. Coox and Hilary Conroy. 211-241. Santa Barbara: ABC-Clio, Inc., 1978.

Han-sheng Lin, “Wang Ching-wei and Chinese Collaboration.” Peace and Change 1, no. 1 (Fall 1972): 17-35.

Hwang, Dongyoun. “Wang Jingwei, the Nanjing Government and the Problem of Collaboration.” PhD diss., Duke University, 1999.

———, “Wartime Collaboration in Question: An Examination of the Postwar Trials of the Chinese Collaborators.” Inter-Asia Cultural Studies 6, no.1 (March 2005).

Martin, Brian G. “Collaboration within Collaboration: Zhou Fohai’s Relations with the Chongqing Government, 1942-1945.” Twentieth-Century China 34, no.2 (April 2009).

———, “In My Heart I Opposed Opium: Opium and the Politics of the Wang Jingwei Government, 1940-45.” European Journal of East Asian Studies 2, no.2 (2003).

Mitter, Rana. “1911: The Unanchored Chinese Revolution.” China Quarterly, no.208 (December 2011).

———, Forgotten Ally: China’s World War II, 1937-1945, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt,  2013

Miwa, Kimitada. “Japanese policies and concepts for a regional order in Asia, 1938-1940.” Pp.133-56 in James W. White, Michio Umegaki, and Thomas R. H. Havens (eds.), The Ambivalence of Nationalism: Modern Japan between East and West. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1990

———, “The Wang Ching-wei Regime and Japanese Efforts to Terminate the China Conflict” in Joseph Roggendorf (ed.) Studies in Japanese Culture. Tokyo: Sophia University,1963

Musgrove, Charles D. “Cheering the Traitor: The Post-War Rrial of Chen Bijun, April 1946 [widow of Wang Jingwei].” Twentieth-Century China 30, no.2 (April 2005).

Odani, Akira. “Wang Ching-wei and the Fall of the Chinese Republic, 1905-1935.” PhD diss., Brown University, 1975.

Pao Tao, Chia-lin. “The Role of Wang Ching-wei during the Sino-Japanese War.” PhD diss., Indiana University, 1971.

Roux, Alain. “From Revenge to Treason: Political Ambivalence among Wang Jingwei’s Labor Union Supporters.” In In the Shadow of the Rising Sun: Shanghai under Japanese Occupation, edited by Christian Henriot and Wen-hsin Yeh, 209-228. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Shirley, James R. “Political Conflict in the Kuomintang: the Career of Wang Ching-wei to 1932,” Diss. University of California, Berkeley, 1962.

So, Wai Chor, “The Making of the Guomindang’s Japan Policy, 1923-1937: The Roles of Chiang Kai-shek and Wang Jingwei.” Modern China 28,no.2 (April 2002).

———, “National Identity, Nation and Race: Wang Jingwei’s Early Revolutionary Ideas, 1905-1911.” Journal of Modern Chinese History 4, no.1 (June 2010).

———, “Race, Culture, and the Anglo-American Powers: The Views of Chinese Collaborators.” Modern China 37, no. 1 (January 2011).

Takahashi, Hisashi. “Military Friction, Diplomatic Suasion in China, 1937-1938,” The Journal of International Studies (国際学論集), no. 19 (1987), 71-100

Tang, Leang-li. The Inner History of the Chinese Revolution. London: George Routledge & Sons, Ltd, 1930.

———, Wang Ching-wei: A Political Biography. China United Press, 1931.

Wang, Ke-wen. “After the United Front: Wang Jingwei and the Left Guomindang.” Republican China 18, no.2 (April 1993).

———, “Irreversible Verdict? Historical Assessments of Wang Jingwei in the People’s Republic and Taiwan.” Paper prepared for the Conference of the Historical Society for 20th Century China, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada, 2000.

———, “Sun Yat-sen, Wang Jingwei, and the Guangzhou Regimes, 1917-1925.” Republican China 22, no.1 (November 1996).

———, “Wang Jingwei and the 1911 Revolution.” In China Reconstructs, edited by Cindy Yik-Yi and Ricardo K.S. Mak, 63-81. University Press of America, 2003.

———, “Wang Jingwei and the Policy Origins of the ‘Peace Movement,’ 1932-1937.” In Chinese Collaboration with Japan, 1932-1945: The Limits of Accommodation, edited by David Barrett and Larry Shyu, 21-37. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002.

Xia, Yun. “Traitors to the Chinese Race (hanjian): Political and Cultural Campaigns against Collaborators during the Sino-Japanese War of 1937-1945.” PhD. diss., University of Oregon 2010.

Yang, Zhiyi. “The Road to Lyric Martyrdom: Reading the Poetry of Wang Zhaoming (1883-1944),” Chinese Literature: Essays, Articles, Reviews, 37 (2015), 135-164

Zanasi, Margherita. “Globalizing Hanjian: The Suzhou Trials and the Post-World War II Discourse on Collaboration,” The American Historical Review, 11: 3 (Jun., 2008), 731-751