To facilitate the understanding of the complex relationships among members of the Wang Jingwei, Chen Bijun, Ho Mang Hang, Zeng Xing and Fang Junying families, we have prepared four genealogy charts, with additional information about various individuals. Rather than include every member of the various families, we focus on family members who were closely related to Wang Jingwei, and those who held important roles in the political history of the Republic.
- Wang Kai (1756-1832), courtesy name Mingzhi, art name Jingchuan, was the great grandfather of Wang Jingwei. He worked as a professional counselor, the first in the Shanyin Wang clan, and was one of the first to move to Guangdong.
- Wang Yun (1786-1844), courtesy name Manqing, art name Manting, was Wang Jingwei’s grandfather and a juren (recommended in the imperial examination). He taught at the Miaogao Academy in Zhejiang.
- Wang Ding (1791-1854), courtesey name Yujiu, was the younger brother of Wang Yun. He traveled around Guangdong areas.
- Chen Gengquan, from Xinhui, Guangdong, was a xiucai (scholar at the county level). He later went to Malaysia and became a millionaire in the rubber and tin mining industries, and the locals nicknamed him Chen Baiwan (Chen Millionaire).
- Madame Wu (1852-1895), from Guangdong, was the mother of Wang Jingwei. She was the second wife of Wang Shu (following the death of the first wife Madame Lu). She gave birth to Wang Jingwei when she was 31 years old. Wang’s family was poor; she worried and worked very hard and died when Wang Jingwei was 12. Wang Jingwei commissioned the painter Wen Qiqiu to paint a scene where his mother was doing the needlework while urging young Wang to practice penmanship, called “Morning lessons in the Autumn garden,” with two poems written by his good friend Liao Zhongkai. This painting was stolen later, and was redone by Fang Junbi.
- Wang Shu (1824-1897), courtesy name Yushu, art name Shengzhai, was the father of Wang Jingwei and a student at the Imperial Academy. He worked as a counselor in Guangdong and settled in Panyu. Wang Jingwei was born when he was 62 years old. He died when Wang was 13.
- Wang Quan (1828-1891), courtesy name Fusheng, art name Wuwenzi, was Wang Jingwei’s uncle. He was an adviser to Liu Kunyi, the Viceroy of Liangjiang. He was a famous scholar who was named one of the Three Masters of Eastern Guandong.
- Wang Zhaohong (1878-1903), courtesy name Zhongqi, was the second older brother of Wang Jingwei. In 1903 both of them took the county test, and Wang Jingwei was ranked the first while Wang Zhaohong the second. After the examiner learned that they were brothers, their ranking was switched. Zhaohong died soon after of illness.
- Madame Cui, was the wife of Wang Zhaohong. After Wang Jingwei’s parents passed away, he lived with second-brother Zhaohong. When Zhaohong passed away, his widow Madame Cui fostered Wang Jingwei. In his 1910 poem Shuhuai (“A recount of my vision and sentiments”), Wang Jingwei used “Up above there was a loving feeding bird” to describe the kindness of Madame Cui who treated him like a mother.
- Wang Zhaoyong (1861-1939), courtesy name Boxu, art name Jingwu, was the oldest stepbrother of Wang Jingwei. He was a juren, a famous scholar, and an apprentice of the Lingnan Confucianist Chen Li. After the 1911 Revolution he moved to Macau, considering himself a Qing loyalist and refusing to serve in the government.
- Zhu Qilian (1853-1899), courtesy name Qihui, art name Dituo. He excelled in poetry and calligraphy, and was appreciated by Wang Quan who married his daughter Ruozhao to him.
- Wang Zhaoquan (1859-1929), courtesy name Zibo, was an older cousin of Wang Jingwei. He was a juren, a famous scholar, and an apprentice of the Lingnan Confucianist Chen li. He founded Jiaozhong School (today’s 13th Middle School of Guangzhou). He served as the principal of the Guangdong Normal School and the president of the Education Association during the Republic period.
- Wang Zongshi was a nephew of Wang Jingwei. Together with Qu Xiangbang they managed the Xiangxing Export Company for Chen Bijun.
- Wang Zongzhun was a nephew of Wang Jingwei and married the younger sister of Zhu Zhixin. He was the treasurer of Guangdong Province during Wang Jingwei’s Nanjing Government.
- Yang Daoyi (1883-1967) was the wife of Zhu Zhixin. She served as the principal of the Zhixin School after Zeng Xing.
- Wang Qi was a nephew of Wang Jingwei and studied in France. During Wang Jingwei’s Nanjing Government, he served as the mayor of Guangzhou, the head of the Police Department, and Police commissioner. He resigned from office after Wang Jingwei’s death.
- Wang Dejing, was a grand nephew of Wang Jingwei. He helped to manage Chen Bijun‘s financial affairs.
- Wang Dexuan, was a grand nephew of Wang Jingwei. He served as the director of the Nanjing Arsenal.
- Zhu Mei, was the second daughter of Zhu Zhixin and was married to Wang Dexuan, a nephew of Wang Jingwei. She helped handle the domestic affairs of Wang Jingwei’s house in Guangdong.
- Wang Chenghui, grand nephew of Wang Jingwei, was a scholar of classical Chinese studies. Together with older brother Xianghui served as Wang Jingwei’s scribe and assistant.
- Wang Xianghui, grand nephew of Wang Jingwei. During the Peace Movement served as Wang Jingwei’s scribe and assistant together with his younger brother Chenghui.
- Wang Wenying (1913-2011), was the first son of Wang Jingwei and Chen Bijun. Also named Mengjin. He graduated from the University of Cologne. He served as the quartermaster chief of the third section of the Military Commission in Wang Jingwei’s Nanjing Government. In 1947 he was sentenced to three years in prison as a traitor, and was released on parole after a year.
- Wang Wenxun (1922-2002) was the fourth child of Wang Jingwei and Chen Bijun. After graduating from the Zhongshan University in Guangdong, she served as the principal of the Mingsong Memorial School, which was founded in Guangzhou by Chen Bijun in 1941 to commemorate Zeng Zhongming and Shen Song, who both died for the Peace Movement.
- Wang Wenti (1928-) was the youngest child of Wang Jingwei and Chen Bijun. He graduated from the Nanjing Military Academy and was the chief of the Training Unit of the Guangdong Province.
- Wang Jing was the fifth son of Wang Jingwei and Chen Bijun. Born while Chen Bijun was fundraising in the U.S. for the Zhixin School, he died soon afterwards.